Benjamin Keach, a pastor who was involved in the development of the Confession, is often attributed with writing this catechism, which is also commonly known as “Keach’s Catechism.” It is likely that it was actually compiled by William Collins, another prominent pastor involved in drafting the Confession. The catechism was officially published by the British Baptists in 1693.
1. Q. Who is the first and chiefest being?
A. God is the first and chiefest being (Isa 44:6; 48:12; Psa 97:9).
2. Q. Ought everyone to believe there is a God?
A. Everyone ought to believe there is a God (Heb 11:6); and it is their great sin and folly who do not (Psa 14:1).
3. Q. How may we know there is a God?
A. The light of nature in man and the works of God plainly declare there is a God (Rom 1:19-20; Psa 19:1-3; Act 17:24); but His Word and Spirit only do it fully and ef- fectually for the salvation of sinners (1Co 2:10; 2Ti 3:15-16).13
4. Q. What is the Word of God?
A. The holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testament are the Word of God, and the only certain rule of faith and obedience (2Ti 3:16; Eph 2:20).14
5. Q. May all men make use of the holy Scriptures?
A. All men are not only permitted, but commanded and exhorted to read, hear, and understand the holy Scriptures (Joh 5:38; 17:17-18; Rev 1:3; Act 8:30).
13 See Free Grace Broadcaster 171, The Majesty of God, available from CHAPEL LIBRARY.
14 See The Infallible Word of God by Charles Spurgeon (1834-1892), and The Doctrine of Revelation by A.
W. Pink (1886-1952); both available from CHAPEL LIBRARY.
6. Q. What things are chiefly contained in the holy Scriptures?
The Baptist Catechism 43
A. The holy Scriptures chiefly contain what man ought to believe concerning God, and what duty God requireth of man (2Ti 1:13; 3:15-16).
7. Q. What is God?
A. God is a Spirit (Joh 4:24), infinite (Job 11:7-9), eternal (Psa 110:2); and un- changeable (Jam 1:17) in His being (Exo 3:14), wisdom (Psa 147:5), power (Rev 4:8), holiness (Rev 15:4), justice, goodness, and truth (Exo 34:6).
8. Q. Are there more gods than one?
A. There is but one only: the living and true God (Deu 6:4; Jer 10:10).
9. Q. How many persons are there in the Godhead?
A. There are three persons in the Godhead: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit; and these three are one God, the same in essence, equal in power and glory (1Jo 5:7; Mat 28:19).15
10. Q. What are the decrees of God?
A. The decrees of God are His eternal purpose according to the counsel of His will, whereby, for His own glory, He hath foreordained whatsoever comes to pass (Eph 1:4, 11; Rom 9:22-23; Isa 46:10; Lam 3:37).16
11. Q. How doth God execute His decrees?
A. God executeth His decrees in the works of creation and providence.
12. Q. What is the work of creation?
A. The work of creation is God’s making all things of nothing, by the word of His power, in the space of six days, and all very good (Gen 1; Heb 11:3).17
13. Q. How did God create man?
A. God created man male and female, after His own image, in knowledge, right- eousness, and holiness, with dominion over the creatures (Gen 1:26-28; Col 3:10; Eph 4:24).
14. Q. What are God’s works of providence?
A. God’s works of providence are His most holy (Psa 145:17), wise (Isa 28:29; Psa 104:24), and powerful preserving (Heb 1:3) and governing all His creatures, and all their actions (Psa 103:19; Mat 10:29-31).18
15. Q. What special act of providence did God exercise towards man in the estate where- in he was created?
A. When God had created man, He entered into a covenant of life with him upon condi- tion of perfect obedience: forbidding him to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, upon pain of death (Gal 3:12; Gen 2:17).
16. Q. Did our first parents continue in the estate wherein they were created?
A. Our first parents, being left to the freedom of their own will, fell from the estate wherein they were created by sinning against God (Gen 3:6-8, 13; Ecc 7:29).
17. Q. What is sin?
A. Sin is any want19 of conformity unto, or transgression of, the law of God (1Jo 3:4).
18. Q. What was the sin whereby our first parents fell from the estate wherein they were created?
A. The sin whereby our first parents fell from the estate wherein they were created was their eating the forbidden fruit (Gen 3:6, 12, 16-17).
19. Q. Did all mankind fall in Adam’s first transgression?
A. The covenant being made with Adam, not only for himself but for his posterity, all mankind descending from him by ordinary generation sinned in him, and fell with him in his first transgression (Gen 2:16-17; Rom 5:12; 1Co 15:21-22).
20. Q. Into what estate did the Fall bring mankind?
A. The Fall brought mankind into an estate of sin and misery (Rom 5:12).
21. Q. Wherein consists the sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell?
A. The sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell consists in the guilt of Adam’s first sin, the want of original righteousness, and the corruption of his whole nature, which is commonly called original sin, together with all actual transgressions which proceed from it (Rom 5:12 to the end; Eph 2:1-3; Jam 1:14-15; Mat 15:19).20
18 See God’s Providence by Charles Spurgeon (1834-1892), and The Sovereignty of God in Providence by John Reisinger; both available from CHAPEL LIBRARY.
19 want – lack.
20 See Vile and The Doctrine of Human Depravity by A. W. Pink (1886-1952); both available from CHAP-
The Baptist Catechism 45
22. Q. What is the misery of that estate whereinto man fell?
A. All mankind by their fall lost communion with God (Gen 3:8, 10, 24), are under His wrath and curse (Eph 2:2-3; Gal 3:10), and so made liable to all miseries in this life, to death itself, and to the pains of hell forever (Lam 3:39; Rom 6:23; Mat 25:41, 46).
23. Q. Did God leave all mankind to perish in the estate of sin and misery?
A. God—having out of His mere good pleasure, from all eternity, elected some to ev- erlasting life (Eph 1:4-5)—did enter into a Covenant of Grace, to deliver them out of the estate of sin and misery, and to bring them into an estate of salvation by a Re- deemer (Rom 3:20-22; Gal 3:21-22).
24. Q. Who is the Redeemer of God’s elect?
A. The only Redeemer of God’s elect is the Lord Jesus Christ (1Ti 2:5-6); Who, being the eternal Son of God, became man (Joh 1:14; Gal 4:4), and so was and continueth to be God and man in two distinct natures, and one person forever (Rom 9:5; Luk 1:35; Col 2:9; Heb 7:24-25).
25. Q. How did Christ, being the Son of God, become man?
A. Christ, the Son of God, became man by taking to Himself a true body (Heb 2:14, 17; 10:5) and a reasonable21 soul (Mat 26:38); being conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit in the womb of the Virgin Mary, and born of her (Luk 1:27, 31, 34-35, 42; Gal 4:4), yet without sin (Heb 4:15; 7:26).22
26. Q. What offices doth Christ execute as our Redeemer?
A. Christ as our Redeemer executeth the offices of a prophet, of a priest, and of king, both in His estate of humiliation and exaltation (Act 3:22; Heb 12:25; 2Co 13:3; Heb 5:5-7; 7:25; Psa 2:6; Isa 9:6-7; Mat 21:5; Psa 2:8-11).
27. Q. How doth Christ execute the office of a prophet?
A. Christ executeth the office of prophet in revealing to us, by His Word and Spirit, the will of God for our salvation (Joh 1:18; 1Pe 1:10-12; Joh 15:15; 20:31).
28. Q. How doth Christ execute the office of a priest?
A. Christ executeth the office of priest in His once offering up Himself a sacrifice to satisfy divine justice (Heb 9:14, 28) and reconcile us to God (Heb 2:17), and in making continual intercession for us (Heb 7:24-25).
29. Q. How doth Christ execute the office of king?
A. Christ executeth the office of a king, in subduing us to Himself (Act 15:14-16), in ruling (Isa 33:22) and defending us (Isa 32:1-2), and in restraining and conquering all His and our enemies (1Co 15:25; Psa 110).23
30. Q. Wherein did Christ’s humiliation consist?
A. Christ’s humiliation consisted in his being born, and that in a low condition (Luk 2:7), made under the Law (Gal 4:4); undergoing the miseries of this life (Heb 12:2-3; Isa 53:2-3), the wrath of God (Luk 22:44; Mat 27:46), and the cursed death of the cross (Phi 2:8); in being buried (1Co 15:3-4), and continuing under the power of death for a time (Act 2:24-27, 31; Mat 12:40).
31. Q. Wherein consisteth Christ’s exaltation?
A. Christ’s exaltation consisteth in His rising again from the dead on the third day (1Co 15:4), in ascending up into heaven (Mar 16:19), in sitting at the right hand of God the Father (Eph 1:20), and in coming to judge the world at the Last Day (Act 1:11; 17:31).
32. Q. How are we made partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ?
A. We are made partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ, by the effectual appli- cation of it to us (Joh 1:11-12) by His Holy Spirit (Ti 3:5-6).24
33. Q. How doth the Spirit apply to us the redemption purchased by Christ?
A. The Spirit applieth to us the redemption purchased by Christ, by working faith in us (Eph 1:13-14; Joh 6:37, 39; Eph 2:8), and thereby uniting us to Christ in our ef- fectual calling (Eph 3:17; 1Co 1:9).
34. Q. What is effectual calling?
A. Effectual calling is the work of God’s Spirit (2Ti 1:9; 2Th 2:13-14) whereby— convincing us of our sin and misery (Act 2:37), enlightening our minds in the knowledge of Christ (Act 26:18), and renewing our wills (Eze 36:26-27)—He doth persuade and enable us to embrace Jesus Christ freely offered to us in the gospel (Joh 6:44-45; Phi 2:13).
35. Q. What benefits do they that are effectually called partake of in this life?
A. They that are effectually called do in this life partake of justification (Rom 8:30), adoption (Eph 1:5), sanctification, and the several benefits which in this life do ei- ther accompany or flow from them (1Co 1:30).
23 See The Fountain of Life Opened (an excerpt) by John Flavel (1630-1691), available from CHAPEL LI- BRARY.
24 See The Holy Spirit’s Work in Salvation by A. W. Pink (1886-1952), available from CHAPEL LIBRARY.
The Baptist Catechism 47
36. Q. What is justification?
A. Justification is an act of God’s free grace wherein He pardoneth all our sins (Rom 3:24-25; 4:6-8) and accepteth us as righteous in His sight (2Co 5:19, 21), only for the righteousness of Christ imputed to us (Rom 5:17-19) and received by faith alone (Gal 2:16; Phi 3:9).25
37. Q. What is adoption?
A. Adoption is an act of God’s free grace (1Jo 3:1), whereby we are received into the number and have a right to all the privileges of the sons of God (Joh 1:12; Rom 8:14- 17).
38. Q. What is sanctification?
A. Sanctification is the work of God’s free grace (2Th 2:13) whereby we are renewed in the whole man after the image of God (Eph 4:23-24), and are enabled more and more to die unto sin and live unto righteousness (Rom 6:4, 6; 8:1).26
39. Q. What are the benefits which in this life do accompany or flow from justification, adoption, and sanctification?
A. The benefits which in this life do accompany or flow from justification, adoption, and sanctification are assurance of God’s love, peace of conscience (Rom 5:1-2, 5), joy in the Holy Spirit (Rom 5:5, 17), increase of grace (Pro 4:18), and perseverance therein to the end (1Jo 5:13; 1Pe 1:5).
40. Q. What benefits do believers receive from Christ at their death?
A. The souls of believers are at their death made perfect in holiness (Heb 12:23), and do immediately pass into glory (2Co 5:1, 6, 8; Phi 1:23; Luk 23:43); and their bodies being still united to Christ (1Th 4:14), do rest in their graves (Isa 57:2) till the resur- rection (Job 19:26-27).27
41. Q. What benefits do believers receive from Christ at the resurrection?
A. At the resurrection, believers, being raised up in glory (1Co 15:43), shall be openly acknowledged and acquitted in the Day of Judgment (Mat 25:23; 10:32), and made perfectly blessed both in soul and body, in the full enjoyment of God (1Jo 3:2; 1Co 13:12) to all eternity (1Th 4:17-18).28
42. Q. But what shall be done to the wicked at their death?
A. The souls of the wicked shall, at their death, be cast into the torments of hell, and their bodies lie in their graves till the resurrection and judgment of the great day (Luk 16:23-24; Act 2:24; Jude 1:5, 7; 1Pe 3:19; Psa 49:14).
43. Q. What shall be done to the wicked at the Day of Judgment?
A. At the Day of Judgment, the bodies of the wicked, being raised out of their graves, shall be sentenced, together with their souls, to unspeakable torments with the devil and his angels forever (Joh 5:28-29; Mat 25:41, 46; 2Th 1:8-9).29
44. Q. What is the duty which God requireth of man?
A. The duty which God requireth of man is obedience to His revealed will (Mic 6:8; 1Sa 15:22).30
45. Q. What did God at first reveal to man for the rule of his obedience?
A. The rule which God at first revealed to man for his obedience was the moral law (Rom 2:14-15; 10:5).
46. Q. Where is the moral law summarily comprehended?
A. The moral law is summarily comprehended in the Ten Commandments31 (Deu 10:4; Mat 19:17).
47. Q. What is the sum of the Ten Commandments?
A. The sum of the Ten Commandments is to love the Lord our God with all our heart, with all our soul, with all our strength, and with all our mind; and our neigh- bour as ourselves (Mat 22:37-40).
48. Q. What is the preface to the Ten Commandments?
A. The preface to the Ten Commandments is in these words: “I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage” (Exo 20:2).
49. Q. What doth the preface to the Ten Commandments teach us?
A. The preface to the Ten Commandments teacheth us that, because God is the Lord, and our God and redeemer, therefore we are bound to keep all His com- mandments (Luk 1:74-75; 1Pe 1:15-19).
50. Q. Which is the first commandment?
A. The first commandment is, “Thou shalt have no other gods before me” (Exo 20:3).
51. Q. What is required in the first commandment?
A. The first commandment requireth us to know and acknowledge God to be the on- ly true God and our God (1Ch 28:9; Deu 26:17), and to worship and glorify Him ac- cordingly (Mat 4:10; Psa 29:2).
52. Q. What is forbidden in the first commandment?
A. The first commandment forbiddeth the denying (Psa 14:1), or not worshipping and glorifying, the true God (Rom 1:21) as God and our God (Psa 81:10-11), and the giving of that worship and glory to any other which is due unto Him alone (Rom 1:25-26).
53. Q. What are we especially taught by these words before me in the first command- ment?
A. These words before me in the first commandment teach us that God, Who seeth all things, taketh notice of and is much displeased with the sin of having any other god (Exo 8:5 to the end).
54. Q. Which is the second commandment?
A. The second commandment is, “Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments” (Exo 20:4-6).32
55. Q. What is required in the second commandment?
A. The second commandment requireth the receiving, observing, and keeping pure and entire all such religious worship and ordinances as God hath appointed in His Word (Deu 32:46; Mat 23:20; Act 2:42).
56. Q. What is forbidden in the second commandment?
A. The second commandment forbiddeth the worshipping of God by images (Deu 4:15-19; Exo 32:5, 8), or any other way not appointed in His Word (Deu 7:31-32).
32 See Pictures of the Christ by J. Marcellus Kik, available from CHAPEL LIBRARY.
50 THE LONDON CONFESSION
57. Q. What are the reasons annexed to the second commandment?
A. The reasons annexed to the second commandment are God’s sovereignty over us (Psa 45:2-3, 6), His propriety in us (Psa 45:11), and the zeal He hath to His own worship (Exo 34:13-14).
58. Q. Which is the third commandment?
A. The third commandment is, “Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain” (Exo 20:7).33
59. Q. What is required in the third commandment?
A. The third commandment requireth the holy and reverent use of God’s names (Mat 6:9; Deu 28:58), titles (Psa 68:4), attributes (Rev 15:3-4), ordinances (Mal 1:11, 14), Word (Psa 136: 1-2) and works (Job 36:24).
60. Q. What is forbidden in the third commandment?
A. The third commandment forbiddeth all profaning and abusing of anything whereby God makes Himself known (Mal 1:6-7, 12; 2:2; 3:14).
61. Q. What is the reason annexed to the third commandment?
A. The reason annexed to the third commandment is that, however the breakers of this commandment may escape punishment from men, yet the Lord our God will not suffer them to escape His righteous judgment (1Sa 2:12, 17, 22, 29; 3:13; Deu 28:58-59).
62. Q. What is the fourth commandment?
A. The fourth commandment is, “Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daugh- ter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it” (Exo 20:8-11).34
63. Q. What is required in the fourth commandment?
A. The fourth commandment requireth the keeping holy to God such set times as He hath appointed in His Word, expressly, one whole day in seven to be a holy Sab- bath to Himself (Exo 20:8-11; Deu 5:12-14).
33 See The Swearer’s Prayer: His Oath Explained, available from CHAPEL LIBRARY.
34 See Free Grace Broadcaster 233, The Lord’s Day; available from CHAPEL LIBRARY.
68. Q. Which is the fifth commandment?
The Baptist Catechism 51
64. Q. Which day of the seven hath God appointed to be the weekly Sabbath?
A. Before the resurrection of Christ, God appointed the seventh day of the week to be the weekly Sabbath (Exo 20:8-11; Deu 5:12-14); and the first day of the week ever since, to continue to the end of the world, which is the Christian Sabbath (Psa 118:24; Mat 28:1; Mar 2:27-28; Joh 20:19-20, 26; Rev 1:10; Mar 16:2; Luk 24:1, 30- 36; Joh 20:1; Act 1:3; 2:1-2; 20:7; 1Co 16:1-2).
65. Q. How is the Sabbath to be sanctified?
A. The Sabbath is to be sanctified by a holy resting all that day (Exo 20:8, 10), even from such worldly employments and recreations as are lawful on other days (Exo 16:25-28; Neh 13:15-22); and spending the whole time in the public and private ex- ercises of God’s worship (Luk 4:16; Act 20:7; Psa 92 title; Isa 66:23), except so much as is to be taken up in the works of necessity and mercy (Mat 12:1-13).
66. Q. What is forbidden in the fourth commandment?
A. The fourth commandment forbiddeth the omission or careless performance of the duties required (Eze 22:26; Amo 8:5; Mal 1:13), and the profaning the day by idleness (Act 20:7, 9), or doing that which is in itself sinful (Eze 23:38), or by un- necessary thoughts, words, or works about worldly employments or recreations (Jer 17:24-27; Isa 58:13).
67. Q. What are the reasons annexed to the fourth commandment?
A. The reasons annexed to the fourth commandment are God’s allowing us six days of the week for our own lawful employments (Exo 20:9), His challenging a special propriety in a seventh, His own example, and His blessing the Sabbath day (Exo 20:11).
A. The fifth commandment is, “Honor thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee” (Exo 20:12).35
69. Q. What is required in the fifth commandment?
A. The fifth commandment requireth the preserving the honour and performing the duties belonging to everyone in their several places and relations: as superiors (Eph 5:21), inferiors (1Pe 2:17), or equals (Rom 12:10).
70. Q. What is forbidden in the fifth commandment?
A. The fifth commandment forbiddeth the neglect of, or doing any thing against, the honour and duty which belongeth to everyone in their several places and rela- tions (Mat 15:4-6; Eze 34:24; Rom 13:8).
71. Q. What is the reason annexed to the fifth commandment?
A. The reason annexed to the fifth commandment is a promise of long life and pros- perity (as far as it shall serve for God’s glory and their own good) to all such as keep this commandment (Deu 5:16; Eph 6:2-3).
72. Q. What is the sixth commandment?
A. The sixth commandment is, “Thou shalt not kill” (Exo 20:13).
73. Q. What is required in the sixth commandment?
A. The sixth commandment requireth all lawful endeavours to preserve our own life (Eph 5:28-29) and the life of others (1Ki 18:4).
74. Q. What is forbidden in the sixth commandment?
A. The sixth commandment absolutely forbiddeth the taking away of our own life, or the life of our neighbour unjustly, or whatsoever tendeth thereunto (Act 26:28; Gen 9:9).
75. Q. Which is the seventh commandment?
A. The seventh commandment is, “Thou shalt not commit adultery” (Exo 20:14).
76. Q. What is required in the seventh commandment?
A. The seventh commandment requireth the preservation of our own and our neighbors’ chastity, in heart, speech, and behavior (1Co 7:2-3, 5, 34, 36; Col 4:6; 1Pe 3:2).
77. Q. What is forbidden in the seventh commandment?
A. The seventh commandment forbiddeth all unchaste thoughts, words, and actions (Mat 15:19; 5:28; Eph 5:3-4).
78. Q. Which is the eighth commandment?
A. The eighth commandment is, “Thou shalt not steal” (Exo 20:15).36
79. Q. What is required in the eighth commandment?
A. The eighth commandment requireth the lawful procuring and furthering the wealth and outward estate of ourselves and others (Gen 30:30; 1Ti 5:8; Lev 25:35; Deu 22:1-5; Exo 23:4-5; Gen 47:14, 20).
80. Q. What is forbidden in the eighth commandment?
A. The eighth commandment forbiddeth whatsoever doth or may unjustly hinder our own (1Ti 5:8; Pro 28:19) or our neighbour’s wealth or outward estate (Pro 21:17; 23:20-21; Eph 4:28).
36 See Greasy the Robber by Charles Lukesh, and The Sin of Stealing by L. R. Shelton, Jr.; available from CHAPEL LIBRARY.
The Baptist Catechism 53
81. Q. Which is the ninth commandment?
A. The ninth commandment is, “Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour” (Exo 20:16).37
82. Q. What is required in the ninth commandment?
A. The ninth commandment requireth the maintaining and promoting of truth be- tween man and man (Zec 8:16), and of our own neighbour’s good name (Joh 5:12), especially in witnessbearing (Pro 14:5, 25).
83. Q. What is forbidden in the ninth commandment?
A. The ninth commandment forbiddeth whatsoever is prejudicial to the truth, or in- jurious to our own or our neighbour’s good name (1Sa 17:28; Lev 19:16; Psa 15:2- 3).
84. Q. Which is the tenth commandment?
A. The tenth commandment is, “Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour’s” (Exo 20:17).38
85. Q. What is required in the tenth commandment?
A. The tenth commandment requireth full contentment with our own condition (Heb 13:5; 1Ti 6:6), with a right and charitable frame of spirit toward our neighbour and all that is his (Job 31:29; Rom 7:15; 1Ti 1:5; 1Co 8:4, 7).
86. Q. What is forbidden in the tenth commandment?
A. The tenth commandment forbiddeth all discontentment with our own estate (1Ki 21:4; Est 5:13; 1Co 10:10), envying or grieving at the good of our neighbour (Gal 5:26; Jam 3:14, 16), and all inordinate motions and affections to anything that is his (Rom 7:7-8; 13:9; Deu 5:21).
87. Q. Is any man able perfectly to keep the commandments of God?
A. No mere man since the Fall is able in this life perfectly to keep the command- ments of God (Ecc 7:20; 1Jo 1:8, 10; Gal 5:17), but doth daily break them in thought, word, or deed (Gen 4:5; 7:21; Rom 3:9-21; Jam 3:2-13).
88. Q. Are all transgressions of the law equally heinous?
A. Some sins in themselves, and by reason of several aggravations, are more heinous in the sight of God than others (Eze 8:6, 13, 15; 1Jo 5:16; Psa 78:17, 32, 56).
89. Q. What doth every sin deserve?
A. Every sin deserveth God’s wrath and curse, both in this life and that which is to come (Eph 5:6; Gal 3:10; Lam 3:39; Mat 25:41; Rom 6:23).
Faith and Repentance
90. Q. What doth God require of us that we may escape His wrath and curse due to us for sin?
A. To escape the wrath and curse of God due to us for sin, God requireth of us faith in Jesus Christ, repentance unto life (Act 20:21), with the diligent use of all the out- ward means whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of redemption (Pro 2:1-6; 8:33 to end; Isa 55:2-3).
91. Q. What is faith in Jesus Christ?
A. Faith in Jesus Christ is a saving grace (Heb 10:39) whereby we receive and rest upon Him alone for salvation, as He is offered to us in the gospel (Joh 1:12; Isa 26:3- 4; Phi 3:9; Gal 2:16).39
92. Q. What is repentance unto life?
A. Repentance unto life is a saving grace (Act 11:28) whereby a sinner, out of a true sense of his sin (Act 2:37-38) and apprehension of the mercy of God in Christ (Joe 2:12; Jer 3:22), doth, with grief and hatred of his sin, turn from it unto God (Jer 31:18-19; Eze 36:31), with full purpose of and endeavour after new obedience (2Co 7:11; Isa 1:16-17).40
93. Q. What are the outward means whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of redemption?
A. The outward and ordinary means whereby Christ communicateth to us the bene- fits of redemption are His ordinances, especially the Word, baptism, the Lord’s Sup- per, and prayer; all which means are made effectual to the elect for salvation (Mat 28:19-20; Act 2:42, 46-47).
94. Q. How is the Word made effectual to salvation?
A. The Spirit of God maketh the reading, but especially the preaching, of the Word an effectual means of convincing and converting sinners, and of building them up in holiness and comfort through faith unto salvation (Neh 8:8; Act 26:18; Psa 19:8; Act 20:32; Rom 1:15-16; 10:13-17; 15:4; 1Co 14:24-25; 2Ti 3:15-17).
95. Q. How is the Word to be read and heard that it may become effectual to salvation?
A. That the Word may become effectual to salvation, we must attend thereunto with diligence (Pro 8:34), preparation (1Pe 2:1-2), and prayer (Psa 119:18); receive it with faith and love (Heb 4:2; 2Th 2:10), lay it up in our hearts (Psa 119:18), and practice it in our lives (Luk 8:15; Jam 1:25).
96. Q. How do baptism and the Lord’s Supper become effectual means of salvation?
A. Baptism and the Lord’s Supper become effectual means of salvation, not for any virtue in them or in him that doth administer them, but only by the blessing of Christ (1Pe 3:21; Mat 3:11; 1Co 3:6-7) and the working of the Spirit in those that by faith receive them (1Co 12:3; Mat 28:19).
97. Q. What is baptism?
A. Baptism is an ordinance of the New Testament instituted by Jesus Christ, to be unto the party baptized a sign of his fellowship with Him in His death, burial, and resurrection; of his being engrafted into Him (Rom 6:3-5; Col 2:12; Gal 3:27); of re- mission of sins (Mar 1:4; Act 2:38; 22:16); and of his giving up himself unto God through Jesus Christ, to live and walk in newness of life (Rom 6:3-4).41
98. Q. To whom is baptism to be administered?
A. Baptism is to be administered to all those who actually profess repentance to- wards God (Act 2:38; Mat 3:6), faith in, and obedience to our Lord Jesus Christ, and to none other (Act 8:12, 36-38; 10:47-48).
99. Q. Are the infants of such as are professing believers to be baptized?
A. The infants of such as are professing believers are not to be baptized, because there is neither command or example in the holy Scriptures, or certain conse- quence from them, to baptize such (Exo 23:13; Pro 30:6; Luk 3:7-8).
100. Q. How is baptism rightly administered?
A. Baptism is rightly administered by immersion, or dipping the whole body of the party in water, into the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, according to Christ’s institution and the practice of the apostles (Mat 3:16; Joh 3:23; 4:1-2; Mat 28:19-20; Act 8:38; Rom 6:4; Col 2:12); and not by sprinkling or pouring of water, or dipping some part of the body, after the tradition of men.
101. Q. What is the duty of such who are rightly baptized?
A. It is the duty of such who are rightly baptized to give up themselves to some par- ticular and orderly church of Jesus Christ, that they may walk in all the command-
102. Q. What is the Lord’s Supper?
A. The Lord’s Supper is an ordinance of the New Testament, instituted by Jesus Christ, wherein by giving and receiving bread and wine, according to His appoint- ment, His death is shown forth and the worthy receivers are—not after a corporal and carnal manner, but by faith—made partakers of His body and blood, with all His benefits, to their spiritual nourishment and growth in grace (Mat 26:26-28; 1Co 11:23-26; 10:16).
103. Q. Who are the proper subjects of this ordinance?
A. They who have been baptized upon a personal profession of their faith in Jesus Christ, and repentance from dead works (Act 2:41-42).
104. Q. What is required to the worthy receiving of the Lord’s Supper?
A. It is required of them that would worthily partake of the Lord’s Supper, that they examine themselves of their knowledge to discern the Lord’s body (1Co 11:28-29), of their faith to feed upon Him (2Co 13:5), of their repentance (1Co 11:31), love (1Co 10:16-17), and new obedience (1Co 5:7-8), lest coming unworthily they eat and drink judgment to themselves (1Co 11:28-29).
105. Q. What is prayer?
A. Prayer is an offering up our desires to God (Psa 62:8), by the assistance of the Ho- ly Spirit (Rom 8:26), for things agreeable to His will (1Jo 5:14; Rom 8:27), in the name of Christ (Joh 16:23), believing (Mat 21:22; Jam 1:6), with confession of our sins (Psa 32:5-6; Dan 9:4) and thankful acknowledgments of His mercies (Phi 4:6).42
106. Q. What rule hath God given for our direction in prayer?
A. The whole Word of God is of use to direct us in prayer (1Jo 5:14); but the special rule of direction is that prayer which Christ taught His disciples, commonly called the Lord’s Prayer (Mat 6:9-13; Luk 11:2-4).
107. Q. What doth the preface of the Lord’s Prayer teach us?
A. The preface of the Lord’s Prayer, which is “Our Father which art in heaven” (Mat 6:9), teacheth us to draw near to God with all holy reverence and confidence, as children to a father able and ready to help us (Rom 8:15; Luk 11:13; Isa 24:8); and that we should pray with and for others (Act 12:5; 1Ti 2:1-2).
42 See True Prayer—True Power and Effective Prayer by Charles Spurgeon (1834-1892), and A Call to Prayer by J. C. Ryle (1816-1900); all available from CHAPEL LIBRARY.
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108. Q. What do we pray for in the first petition?
A. In the first petition, which is “Hallowed be thy name” (Mat 6:9), we pray that God would enable us and others to glorify Him in all that whereby He maketh Himself known (Psa 67:2-3), and that He would dispose all things to His own glory (Psa 83; Rom 11:36).
109. Q. What do we pray for in the second petition?
A. In the second petition, which is “Thy kingdom come” (Mat 6:10), we pray that Sa- tan’s kingdom may be destroyed (Psa 68:1, 18) and that the kingdom of grace may be advanced (Rev 12:10-11), ourselves and others brought into it and kept in it (2Th 3:1; Rom 10:1; Joh 17:19-20), and that the kingdom of glory may be hastened (Rev 22:10).
110. Q. What do we pray for in the third petition?
A. In the third petition, which is “Thy will be done on earth, as it is in heaven” (Mat 6:10), we pray that God by His grace would make us able and willing to know, obey, and submit to His will in all things (Psa 67; 119:36; 2Sa 15:25; Job 1:21), as the angels do in heaven (Psa 103:20-21).
111. Q. What do we pray for in the fourth petition?
A. In the fourth petition, which is “Give us this day our daily bread” (Mat 6:11), we pray that of God’s free gift we may receive a competent portion of the good things of this life, and enjoy His blessing with them (Pro 30:8; Gen 28:20; 1Ti 4:4-5).
112. Q. What do we pray for in the fifth petition?
A. In thce fifth petition, which is “And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debt- ors” (Mat 6:12), we pray that God, for Christ’s sake, would freely pardon all our sins (Psa 51:1-2, 7, 9; Dan 9:17-19); which we are rather encouraged to ask because, of His grace, we are enabled from the heart to forgive others (Luk 11:4; Mat 18:35).
113. Q. What do we pray for in the sixth petition?
A. In the sixth petition, which is “And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil” (Mat 6:13), we pray that God would either keep us from being tempted to sin (Mat 26:31), or support and deliver us when we are tempted (2Co 12:8).
114. Q. What doth the conclusion of the Lord’s Prayer teach?
A. The conclusion of the Lord’s Prayer, which is “For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen” (Mat 6:13), teacheth us to take our encour- agement in prayer from God only (Dan 9:4, 7-9, 16-19), and in our prayers to praise Him, ascribing kingdom, power, and glory to Him (1Ch 29:10-13). And in testimony of our desire and assurance to be heard, we say, “Amen” (1Co 4:16; Rev 11:20; 22:20-